Skip to main content

Stud Vorwerk

The Vorwerk farm, probably one of the most beautiful complexes of all, was first mentioned in a document in 1310. In 1875 Georg Vorwerk started a private stallion farm with the stallions Agrarier and Macro, after whom the road leading to the farm today is named. Subsequently Vorwerk stallion greats such as Furioso II, More Magic xx, Inshallah AA, Zeus and Rubinstein influenced breeding throughout Europe. By the way, More Magic xx is also sire of Mon Cherie, with whom Sissy Max-Theurer won Olympic and European Championship gold. In 2009 the Max-Theurer family took over the facility for their own successful breeding.

With a total area of over 70 hectares, 32 of which are grazing land, Gestüt Vorwerk offers ideal husbandry conditions. The broodmares and riding horses reside in 84 generously dimensioned boxes. The young horses spend the winter in eight large running and pasture stables. Two indoor riding halls are available for training the young horses, one of them measuring 20 by 60 metres, as well as two large riding arenas with a total of 8,000 square metres. In addition, there are 14 sand and ten grass paddocks as well as an oval horse walker.













History of the Stud Vorwerk



The Vorwerk farm in Cappeln, already mentioned in a document in 1310, is one of the most famous and beautiful farms in the Oldenburg Münsterland.




Georg Vorwerk started a private stallion farm with the stallions Agrarier and Macro, the latter of whom had a decisive influence on chestnut breeding in South Oldenburg at the time and after whom the street leading to the farm today is named, a private stallion farm. 

The stallion farm Vorwerk achieved such significance that it even found its way into the city coat of arms of Cappeln in the form of a black stallion's head.




The stallion station Vorwerk reached such a significance that it even found its way into the city coat of arms of Cappeln in the form of a black stallion head.






Georg Vorwerk's son of the same name, Georg ("Gregor"), took over the farm and, with the Lupus xx son, Ludenberg, he ensured the future-oriented replenishment of blood in Oldenburg breeding.




Georg Vorwerk, now the third generation stallion owner on the farm in Cappeln, acquired the Anglo-Norman Furioso II, a chestnut-coloured son of the Thoroughbred Furioso xx, thus leading German warmblood breeding into a new age.




Of no less importance were the Anglo-Arabian Inschallah AA, the Selle Francais stallion Zeus and not to forget the Irish Thoroughbred More Magic xx, the sire of Sissy Max-Theurer's successful gray Mon Cherie, with whom the young Austrian became European Champion in 1979 and Olympic Champion in 1980.






It was also during this time that the close relationship with the Vorwerk family was established.




The at that time 23-year-old Sissy Max-Theurer and her nine-year-old More Magic xx son Mon Cherie relegated the highly favored and since 1974 undefeated Christine Stückelberger with Granat to the silver rank at the European Championships in Aarhus, Denmark. The advantage was 20 points - a sensation.




Mon Cherie, whose story you can read here, is by far not the only Olympic champion descended from a stallion stationed in Cappeln. In 2000, for example, the Welt As son Bonfire under Anky van Grunsven/NED won dressage gold at the Olympic Games in Sydney/AUS.




Gudula Vorwerk-Happ, daughter of the legendary Georg Vorwerk and fourth generation stallion owner at Vorwerk Stud, discovered the dressage hero Rubinstein and his no less important son Rohdiamant.

Together with her husband Jochen Happ, Gudula Vorwerk-Happ also established the stud in sport.




Numerous successes in the dressage arena by the star sires Rohdiamant, Royal Diamond - a full brother to Rohdiamant - and Don Gregory, who are stationed in Cappeln, have made Vorwerk Stud famous worldwide.




The sporting successes of Gestüt Vorwerk culminated in 2002 in World Championship team silver, 2003 European Championship individual silver and 2004 Olympic team bronze by Relevant and Lisa Wilcox/USA.




Paula Vorwerk, the wife of the deceased Georg Vorwerk, mother of Gudula Vorwerk-Happ, discoverer of, among others, the stallion Don Gregory, grande dame of Oldenburg horse breeding and still highly active even at an advanced age, was honored by Oldenburg's association president Wilhelm Weerda for 50 years of uninterrupted participation in the OL-Stallion Days.




Gudula Vorwerk-Happ and her husband Jochen Happ decided to sell their stud to Sissy Max-Theurer because they themselves have no children and they wanted to secure the heritage of this stud so rich in tradition.

Sissy Max-Theurer is now using the magnificent facility in Cappeln for the accommodation of her brood mares, including Weinrubina, the dam of Augustin OLD, who finished 13th at the Olympic Games, sixth at the World Championships, fifth at the European Championships and won the Burg Pokal under Victoria Max-Theurer, and for her stallions, whose main field of activity is sport, but who are also available for breeding to a limited extent.

Stud Vorwerk for almost 140 years - one of the most successful private stallion stables of all time - will continue to be a first address for horse breeding and equestrian sports in the future.




Gestüt Vorwerk is the venue of a CDI****, at that time known as the "Festival of Dressage". Starting in 2014, the Max-Theurer family will receive the world's best dressage stars every year at "Dressur Cappeln International" at 4* level.






For the first time the Max-Theurer family organizes a show with their own stallions at Gestüt Vorwerk.




Presentation of the own breeding products at the foal show of the Westphalian Stud Book.




At the annual meeting of the IDTC (International Dressage Trainer Club), the 100 dressage trainers who travelled to Gestüt Vorwerk from all over the world were offered a two-day program with highly interesting presentations and impressive demonstrations.

















Stallions from Cappeln

Numerous sires from Gestüt Vorwerk
achieved Europe-wide importance.

Don Gregory

Don Gregory

Stallion, Chestnut, Hanoverian 1988 - 2015
Breeder: Albert Siemer

Donnerhall Donnerwetter Disput
Ninette Markus
Granate Graphit Grande
St.Pr.St. Frutana
Aufnahme Anteil

Don Gregory was a discovery by Paula Vorwerk. The Hanoverian dark chestnut stallion was successful up to Grand Prix level even in the dressage arena at that time and sired ten licensed stallions, including the Oldenburg Champion Stallion, two-time Bundeschampion, World Champion of young dressage horses and advanced (S) level dressage champion Don Davidoff as well as the stallion performance test winner and Grand Prix winner, Day Dream. The Oldenburg Champion Mare Ferdonia (2002) stands out from the more than 30 state premium daughters of Don Gregory. The covetousness of Don Gregory's offspring was regularly shown at the auctions: Elfengirl (M. by Rohdiamant) was sold at the P.S.I. for 280,000 Euros.

Don Gregory was a breeding evergreen - more than 500 of his offspring go in sport, of which more than 30 placed in advanced (S) level dressage and five in advanced (S) level show jumping. Don Charly and Minna Telde belonged to the fourth-placed Swedish European Championship dressage team of Windsor/GBR, Don-Dior was successful under Frank Freund in the Grand Prix Tours of Munich, Stadl Paura/AUT and Donaueschingen and Der Daimler won team gold at the European Championships for young dressage horses under Jonas Schmitz-Heinen.

Furioso II

Furioso II

Stallion, Liver chestnut, Selle Francais 1965 - 1986
Breeder: Mme Essayes

Furioso xx Precipitation xx Hurry On xx
Double Life xx
Maureen xx Son-in-Law xx
St. Prisca xx
Dame de Ranville Talisman Le Royal
Que Je Suis Bel Lord Orange xx

"Such a stallion is only born every 100 years," Georg Vorwerk once said about Furioso II, which he discovered in France in 1968 after not finding it at the local stallion market. And named him self-confidently after his famous sire, Furioso xx, who was one of the most important suppliers of sport horses in the 1960s. Georg Vorwerk was right in his assessment. The calibre dark chestnut with the striking belly mark influenced by Cappeln not only influenced Oldenburg breeding but also achieved Europe-wide significance.

Among his 70 licensed sons, the Hanoverian For Pleasure, team Olympic gold medallist under Lars Nieberg and Markus Ehning, and the Oldenburg Freiherr, also through his son Feiner Stern and grandson Feinbrand, stood out in Germany. In the Netherlands, it was the Hanoverian Voltaire and the Oldenburg Purioso. Other important stallion sons: the dark chestnut Friedericus Rex, the monumental Feingau and First Gotthard, who was used in the USA.

Inschallah AA

Inschallah AA

Stallion, Grey, Anglo-Arab 1968 - 1990
Breeder: Jaques F. Guicheney

Israel AA Fantaisiste II AA Ficeleur AA
Faribole AA
Lonlaine AA Lotus VIII AA
La Neuvaine xx
Resena AA Nithard AA Kesbeth AA
Nitouche AA
Infante AA Xylene AA
Amapola AA

"God willing" is the English translation for Inshallah - and in the case of the French-born Anglo-Arab of Israel, God wanted! The large-framed, extremely supple moving grey stallion covered from 1972 to 1990 without interruption at Gestüt Vorwerk in Cappeln.

In 1972 he began his stallion career with a bang: he won the stallion performance test at the testing institute in Adelheidsdorf. Inschallah AA was a versatile sire. His offspring excelled in all equestrian disciplines. And it was not always possible to recognise them by their colour either, since Inschallah AA produced not only grey, but also black, brown and foxes due to his mixed heritage.

His more than 30 licensed sons were led by Indonese/Hans-Dietmar Wolff, who was successful in Grand Prix dressage, Ile de Bourbon/Thomas Frühmann/AUT and Intervall, who won advanced (S) level show jumping competitions, and the stallion performance test reserve winner, Inselfürst. The Inschallah AA also has over 70 premium mares and numerous successful sport horses.

More Magic xx

More Magic xx

Stallion, Grey, Thoroughbred 1957 - 1972
Breeder: W. Gibson

Vilmorin xx Gold Bridge xx Golden Boss xx
Flyin Diadem xx
Queen of the Meadows xx Fairway xx
Queen of the Blues xx
Jules Magic xx Magic Red xx Link Boy xx
Infra Red xx
Royal Deal xx His Highness xx
Brave Deal xx

The breeding career of the Irish thoroughbred More Magic xx owes this only to the resolute objection of his discoverer Georg Vorwerk. At the licensing, the purebred grey was initially rejected. Reason: his GAG (general compensation) was not sufficient. The stallion owner from Cappeln protested against this - and received the desired breeding license at the scheduled revision licensing.

Subsequently, More Magic xx advanced to become one of the most important refiners who initiated the turn away from heavy horses in agriculture to light, rideable sport horses in Oldenburg breeding in the 1960s.

He can still be found in numerous dam lines today, for example in the important Oldenburg lines of Feldgold and Blankenese. His daughter Besinda produced the licensed full brothers Admiral I and II. In the pedigree of the great Voltaire he follows in third place.  The More Magic sons Marschall and Mortimer made a career in the dressage ring. His masterpiece, however, was Mon Cherie, that Hanoverian grey gelding with which Sissy Max-Theurer became European Champion in 1979 and Olympic Champion in 1980.



Stallion, Brown, Oldenburger 1990 - 2011
Breeder: Hans Francksen

Rubinstein I Rosenkavalier Romadour II
St.Pr.St. Diva
Antine Angelo xx
El.St. Elektia V Inschallah AA Israel AA
Resena AA
St.Pr.St. Elektia Chronist
St.Pr.St. Elektira IV

The Rubinstein son Rohdiamant, whose full brother Royal Diamond was also stationed at Gestüt Vorwerk, had a model pupil career: 1992 Champion of the licensing, 1993 Bundeschampion of young riding horses and Reserve Champion of the stallion performance test, 1994 Main Premium Winner, 1995 Bundeschampion of young dressage horses and then with Lisa M. Wilcox/USA victorious up to Grand Prix and World Cup Freestyle.

Out of his more than 50 licensed sons, the winning stallions Ron William, Rhodon, Rosenberg and Glock's Romanov stand out. The latter, bred by Harli Seifert, became a VTV sport stallion in 2008 and won silver at the 2011 European Championship Team Silver under Hans Peter Minderhoud/NED. His full brother Rubin-Royal OLD was Oldenburg main premium winner, VTV dressage stallion and Grand Prix winner.

More than 130 of his offspring achieved advanced (S) level successes, such as Responsible OLD/Helen Langehanenberg and Eremo del Castegno/Valentina Truppa/ITA. Soon 120 daughters of Rohdiamant received the State Premium, among them the Champion mares Reine Seide and Romanika.

Rohdiamant, from Elektia's successful Oldenburg line, was among the top ten of the world's best dressage sires from 2008 to 2011.

Royal Diamond

Royal Diamond

Stallion, Grey, Oldenburger 1994 - 2018
Breeder: Hans Francksen

Rubinstein I Rosenkavalier Romadour II
St.Pr.St. Diva
Antine Angelo xx
El.St. Elektia V Inschallah AA Israel AA
Resena AA
St.Pr.St. Elektia Chronist
St.Pr.St. Elektira IV

Royal Diamond has had a flawless career: 1996 If premium stallion, 1997 winner of a stallion performance test, 1998 Ib main premium winner, 1999 Vice Bundeschampion of five-year-old dressage horses under Lisa M. Wilcox, 2000 Bundeschampion of six-year-old dressage horses and VTV dressage stallion. Afterwards he placed twice in the Burg-Pokal Final, became "Promising Stallion" in Zwolle and recorded 40 wins up to Grand Prix dressage, including the Weser-Ems State Championship. In 2009 Royal Diamond was ceremonially retired from sport.

Royal Diamond, son of Rubinstein and full brother of Rohdiamant, who was stationed in Cappeln at the time, also set clear accents in breeding. Thus the Vice National Champion Royal Deniro cost 320,000 Euros. Royal Milva was knocked down for 380,000 Euros.

Arriving in the upper house of dressage are soon 50 offspring of Royal Diamond, including the internationally successful Royal Gala, Royal Ulan, Rich Charly II, Rhythm and Dance and Royal Happiness OLD/Stefanie Palm/AUT. Eight sons have been licensed, of which Royal Floggensee and Royaldik are successful in heavy dressage. 22 daughters of Royal Diamond received the State Premium.


Rubinstein I

Stallion, Black, Westphalian 1986 - 2000
Breeder: Herbert de Baey

Rosenkavalier Romadour II Romulus I
St.Pr.St. Gunda
St.Pr.St. Diva Dilettant
St.Pr.St. Axtelfe
Antine Angelo xx Oliveri xx
Antibes xx
Dodona Donar

Hardly any other stallion has influenced breeding as much as the gray stallion Ramzes AA, born in Poland in 1937 and raised by Clemens Freiherr von Nagel at his Vornholz stud from 1948. This can also be said of his descendant Rubinstein, whom Gudula Vorwerk-Happ discovered at his breeder Herbert de Baey in Lemgo. The jet-black son of Rosenkavalier has left his mark on modern dressage horse breeding and redefined the concept of rideability.

Rubinstein comes from what is probably the most successful mare line in Westphalia. He himself is half brother to four-time Olympic gold medallist Rembrandt under Nicole Uphoff. His dam Antine is a full sister of the Olympic Champion Ahlerich under Dr. Reiner Klimke and the Olympic participant Amon with Annemarie Sanders-Keyzer/NED.

His career in brief: 1990 Oldenburg Main Premium Champion, 1992 Vice Bundeschampion, more than 20 victories in the Grand Prix class with Martina Hannöver-Sternberg, Nicole Uphoff and Heike Kemmer, 1996 Olympic gold medalist.

Of his almost 100 licensed sons, Rohdiamant and Royal Diamond were also a blessing for Gestüt Vorwerk.

Welt As

Welt As

Stallion, , Oldenburger 1977 - 0
Breeder: Josef Wernke

Weltmeister Wedekind Ferdinand
St.Pr.St. Atlasmädel
St.Pr.St. Domdora Don Carlos
St.Pr.St. Asterngilde
St.Pr.St. Elfene Furioso II Furioso xx
Dame de Ranville
Elfenbraut IV Miracolo xx

With the Weltmeister son Welt As, bred from a Furioso II-Miracolo xx dam (line of Elfenbraut), the valuable blood of Ferdinand's Hanoverian line was also used in Oldenburg breeding. Georg Vorwerk bought the bay already as a foal and presented him to the licensing commission in 1979. Following his approval for breeding, Welt As passed an outstanding performance test in 1980 and, in recognition of his first foal crop, became Champion Stallion of the Main Premium in Oldenburg in 1981.

Welt As made a name for himself as a versatile sire. He sired the Oldenburg Champion Mares in 1985 with Walzertraum and in 1987 with La Plata. At the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona/ESP, Leroy Brown competed in jumping and Olympic Bonfire in dressage. The latter then won gold at the Olympic Games in Sydney/AUS in 2000 under his rider Anky van Grunsven/NED and secured the crown in the World Cup five times in total.

Welt As started covering in Bavaria in the mid-1980s.

Zeus (Nurzeus)


Stallion, Chestnut, Selle Francais 1972 - 2001
Breeder: P. Dambier

Arlequin AA Massondo AA Mardochée AA
Duchesse AA
Nuit Bleu AA Le Pot Aux Roses xx
Daune de Nouste AA
Urielle Matador AA Képhir AA
Ombrie AA
Evelyne Talisman

Georg Vorwerk was happy to bet on French stallions - and with Zeus he once again proved his unparalleled breeding instinct. The chestnut with a striking blaze, who has been active in Cappeln since 1975, carried a lot of Anglo-Arabian blood in his veins with Arlequin AA on the sire's side and Matador AA on the dam's side. Talisman is the third generation dam's sire of Furioso II, which is the keyword, because Georg Vorwerk bought the stallion at the Equitana in Essen. Alfred Lefèvre from Falaise, where Georg Vorwerk had also discovered Furioso II at the time, exhibited the stallion there as a top auction horse and representative of the Selle Francaise breed.

Zeus jumping offspring such as Gypsy/Gerd Wiltfang, Zypria/Dirk Hauser, Virtual Village Zalza/Nick Skelton/GBR, Zeno/Christian Ahlmann and the Bundeschampion Zerberus/Ludger Beerbaum made him a winning millionaire. With, among others, Zymbal I/Gilbert Böckmann and II, Zyklotron, Beach Boy and Zapateado, he sired important sons.
A three-year stint in the Netherlands resulted in the Zeus son, Beach Boy, who is the dam's sire of Nick Skelton's Olympic tenth Arko, among others.